Bakken Shale is the ancient sediment of a prehistoric
ocean which can be identified as the floor of the Williston
Basin a formation that covers the sections listed in blue
above. , the United States in three northern states,
Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota. In Canada the
formation can be seen in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
The Bakken Shale is the ancient remains of an ancient ocean
which can be identified through its basin known as the
Today, the Bakken shale has become a tremendous national
resource basin because of the science, drilling, and frac
technologies discovered in Texas producing the Bakken Shale
where the science of extracting energy resources such as
natural gas and oil from shale was pioneered.
Williston Basin has the Bakken Shale formation just like
the Fort Worth Basin in Texas has the
Barnett Shale. It is the sediment left over
from ancient oceans.
Texas, the Bakken Shale is a natural gas source bed rock
that stretches over 16 to 21 North Texas counties and is
still actively being discovered. Its 6,000 +
square-mile reservoir is already the second largest
producing on-shore domestic natural gas field in the United
States after the San Juan Basin in New Mexico and Colorado.
At three different times spread out by 100 million years,
Texas was actually a shallow ocean that stretched up the
central plains and even carried up into and through Canada.
The first 100 feet of ocean is considered the Photo Eukaric
Zone since light can penetrate the first 100 feet.
With light and heat being a factor in this shallow body of
water we can assume these oceans had a huge phytoplankton
and zooplankton population and with that, massive coral reef
beds were created by filtering the massive plankton
population. This was the environment in most of Texas
some 300 to 600 million years ago as the ocean came in and
out at least three different times in the Fort Worth Basin.
The Bakken Shale gas field was discovered by wildcatters in
the early 1950's who were pioneering the Wlliston Basin.
World famous wildcatter C.W. Sanders started drilling in the
area in 1945.
technology to produce from The Bakken Shale did not evolve
until 1980. This is the first area in the entire world
where we are pioneering the art of producing natural gas
from a source bed rock and it is alive and anaerobic.
Chris C. Sanders has revolutionized the art of turning CO2
into Oxygen and Natural Gas while simultaneously reducing
CO2 in the atmosphere the result is the first "circle of
life" between our ecosystem and the petroleum anaerobic
bacterial world. The vast majority of the industry is
unconcerned with the oxygen output, CO2 reduction, or the
circle of life, instead an industry wide success rate of 97%
and 5% of the nations natural gas supply make this field the
most active onshore drilling play in the United States.
fact, in every other area of the world, every drop of oil
and natural gas has already escaped from the source and has
been actively working its way on up to the surface only to
be trapped by structure and horizons of geological time
zones. In these upper production zones, a degree of
permeability and porosity must exist so that we can produce
from the formation. The Bakken Shale has almost no
porosity and no permeability which was the reason why until
now source bed rocks have not been produced from.
Therefore it is safe to say that these explorers will spread
their knowledge of source bed rock stimulation and
production throughout the world. So what is going on here in
Texas and Montana is extremely different because every
operator and producer here is a pioneer in the most advanced
cutting edge and active play in the world.
Shale consists of very fine grained particles of quartz
and clay minerals. It is consolidated mud that has
been deposited in lakes, seas, inland oceans, and other
similar environments. About, forty five (45%)
percent of all exposed sedimentary rocks are shales.
Organic Sedimentary Rocks are formed from organic
debris. It is the deposit of once-living organisms all
collected and sealed into a medley of what once was.
(shells, corals, calcareous algae, wood, plants, bones etc.)
Although they are a form of clastic rock, organic rocks tend
to contain a larger amount of immaculately preserved
fossils, which laid down near the place where the animal,
coral, plant, or plankton once lived.
the rocky mountains formed, several separate ocean beds
were created in the state of Texas and are identified as
The Delaware Basin, The Permian Basin and The Fort Worth
Basin. The Barnett Shale is in the Fort Worth Basin and
because of its maturity and age we are able to fracture
and produce from this blanket formation. The Permian
basin sets an example from its exploration history and
research being from coral reef beds itself. The
word "frac" is used as a term out on the oil patch that
describes our ability to fracture and stimulate zones
horizontally by creating new channels and areas while
increasing the porosity and permeability of an area out
side of the production pipe we have just perforated.
Perforating is shooting through the production casing
and into our zone. In this case the "Bakken Shale
Zone" is the organic settlement of life itself proving
the theories of oceans, ice ages, volcanoes, and
meteorite impacts. However, this field is
completely different in many aspects. This ancient
shallow ocean in which the Barnett Shale is believed to
be divided in two zones; the upper and lower Barnett
Shale. By producing and reviewing logs in the primary
core of the Bakken shale I have noticed three zones;
this proves three flooding events. Under the
primary core and three layers you will find a thick
layer of obsidian (obsidian is a blackish
translucent glass). This is probably the result of a
meteorite impact in conjunction with several triggered
volcanic eruptions, which then caused the ice ages and
eventually the oceans. The first two ocean
occurrences were closer together in time and defined as
the "lower zone"; the third one spanned at least 100
million years later which is now called the "upper
Time zones are
geologically missing from this shale area, which perplexes
others as to what happened to this time frame in the Barnett
Shale. My only assumption is that the oceans
continually existed in this time and either eroded or
absorbed the span of these missing formations. We have
three faults and three times that the ocean came in and out
of the Fort Worth Basin spread out over 300-700 million
years we also have three vertical faults in the shale.
Unlike most formations these Bakken Shale faults are areas
to avoid because they are incapable of producing any gas or
form of production such as the Muenster Arch Basin fault
zone. Add plate tectonic action and 200 million
more years for maturity and we have our current situation
today. At the core area of the Bakken Shale we find the
third zone in this shale which is the existence of the first
ocean sediment itself. Also in this lower level there is
more maturity and higher levels of gas and condensate with a
higher (BTU) British Thermal Unit rating.
Obsidian is found
underneath this third layer proving some meteorite and
volcanic activity before the creation of these oceans.
The northern and older part of the Bakken Shale between
Denton and Decatur produces a higher 1278-BTU rating as we
follow the Shale south to Fort Worth the BTU drops to
966-BTU. I have noticed that some operators are only
successful in certain areas and most of this has to do with
their frac techniques in conjunction with either the low BTU
or High BTU areas. CO2 stimulation is what I would
scientifically recommend to induce breathing in an anaerobic
organic environment. Major oil companies have decided to
concentrate in different areas of this shale and even other
new shale discoveries because of their different fracturing
techniques, beliefs, discoveries, and abilities. By
inducing the anaerobic environment with CO2 we stimulate
oxygen and natural gas. We can then separate the
natural gas into Hydrogen and CO2 we then use the Hydrogen
and return the "CO2" to the "anaerobic bacteria environment"
to produce more "Oxygen" and more "Natural Gas"; the result
is the first major "circle of life" between our ecosystem
and sustainable natural gas production in the Barnett and
reason for failure in the Barnett Shale Play in Texas is
simple. Spacing and depth are the essentials in producing
from this zone. A fine layer of obsidian covers the
Ellenberger Zone which must be watched and avoided. 60 acre
spacing seems to be a common norm for safety in vertical
wells. If a well hits the Ellenberger it will produce water
and we consider the well "Killed". Horizontal wells require
at least 4 times the normal spacing. Problems: If one of
the fractures goes into the Ellenberger Zone which is below
the Barnett Shale then all of the gas will follow the path
of least resistance and flow into the Ellenberger zone which
is mainly water here in this area. Certain new companies
have learned how to find this gas now trapped in the
Ellenberger and are working on a purification process which
extracts all of the gases and precious metals from the
water. Some of the water will be used to maintain the water
level of Lake Bridgeport.
What is creating all
of this gas and why is it considered a source bed rock?
The Shale is basically compacted organic composition and
living at a high temperature. Inside this compacted
shale we find that it has life and that there is anaerobic
bacteria feeding on a decomposed coral reef shale producing
gas. The bacteria I believe lives in an anaerobic
environment and can be stimulated with CO2, the bacteria in
turn is stimulated and literally excretes methane.
However the rock is so dense that a lot of the gas stays
trapped uniformly perfect and even in the rock. What
happens with this other gas that leaves through the surface
of the shale? It rises and is trapped in other
structures and feeds other zones such as the conglomerate.
Most of these zones were discovered before we discovered the
shale because we did not go deeper. The Barnet Shale
is about at 8900 to 8400 feet deep along highway 380 in
between Denton and Decatur Texas. We know that the
ocean / Ellenberger is at around 8000' - 10,000' here.
The inorganic theory suggests that petroleum can come from
an inorganic- or nonliving source; this theory has failed to
produce a single drop of oil or natural gas. The
Bakken Shale is 100% percent organic and produced from an
organic source ( an old dead ocean) it is like having a huge
anaerobic digester trapped miles deep and if maintained
correctly could last indefinitely. I use the earth
itself as an anaerobic digester much like the one below -
but instead of building a container at the surface - I use
the shale very much in the same fashion except 7,000 -
10,0000 deep. Truthfully, many cities could take
advantage of this same principle using large Carsts or
Caverns in connection with the cities sewage systems - the
results would immediately produce usable gas just like we
are doing in the shale. Look at the anaerobic digester
below using cotton hulls it can power over 300 homes in
Texas -talk about a use for waste!
United States Geological Survey estimates that the
entire Bakken Shale field contains 27 trillion cubic feet of
gas. Estimates of the size of Bakken Shale’s reserves
are rapidly increasing; the field is starting to make a big
impact on the nation’s gas business at a time of declining
domestic production and projections of rising demand. Gas
executives predict that the current production of 1.5
billion cubic feet a day — 2.5 percent of the national
output — has the potential to climb to 3 billion to 4
billion cubic feet a day in a few years. New
discoveries in the "outer fringes" of the shale define as
what Mr. Jim Leatherwood calls "the Paleo landscape" this
term correctly defines the reason for success and failure
due to the result of the ancient ocean's floor and channel
contour. The "Paleo landscape" is now the wildcatters
frontier in the Bakken shale.
concerns? Extremely high gas pressures leak into
shallow to deep fresh ground water fields. The
problem. The annulus in between the production casing
and the earth / dirt or ground itself creates a passageway
for gas to escape into different horizons. Gas can
work its way up a small channel that can develop in between
the production casing and the dirt we call this channel the
annulus this channel can grow because of extreme lower gas
zone pressures and poison large shallow fresh water
reserves. Is there a solution? Yes! In
Artesia New Mexico they noticed a great natural resource
early on with their artesian fresh water springs - they did
not want to contaminate their naturally carbonated water.
So, they cement around the pipe the whole way down
destroying the annulus. Yes its more expensive, but
water is really more of a precious resource than gas.
Unlike other source
beds we have learned to avoid the fault lines that exist
because they do not produce gas and are accurately mapped by
geo map on active production in the area.
Frank Dux the
legendary world champion martial arts Bloodsport & Kumite
master is using money from the Bakken Shale to save the
rainforests and children throughout the world. The
three men run Dux Inc. and are Asian Ambassadors for the
Clean World Wide Water Plan. The plan combines solar
panels and wind generators which feed water dehumidifiers
for constant clean water and constant hydrogen energy. These
three men not only hold the key to world wide freedom but
they educate everyone about the answer to save everyone by
providing clean water to every child, animal, crop, and city
throughout the world, by using the sun, the wind, and
commercial dehumidifiers together as the sustainable
solution. The water extracted in the atmosphere is the
cleanest water ever tested according to the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA). The cost of water extraction
is free because of sustainable integration (solar & wind)
the results are the keys to world wide freedom and peace.
The technology is the exact reverse of what is done in the
Bakken shale to stimulate anaerobic life.
The most interesting
thing about this Bakken Shale is how solid it is.
Typically when we measure for permeability or porosity we
calculate in darceys as a form of measurement.
However, in the Bakken Shale we calculate our porosity and
permeability in angstroms or shall I say, atomic measure.
This means that the shale is so tight that gas has a hard
time escaping it. Drilling through the shale is like
drilling through a Brunswick pool table or bowling ball.
Yet we find several interesting factors in the shale itself
such as micro fractures that travel from the north east to
the southwest. We use these micro fractures when we
horizontally drill to utilize the structure in combination
with the multi stage frac job. Halliburton has several
multi frac techniques that will literally amaze you.
Using micro radio transmission devices and special fluids
the company is literally able to follow each fracture in
amazing detail. You get what you pay for and horizontal frac
jobs can go easily between 4$ and 12$ million. Devon
itself claims that the work itself is very costly and still
an educational process. James Hall of Devon is leading
the industry in horizontal production discoveries and
operators are experiencing the same dramatic results using
standard old vertical techniques and open hole completions.
Open hole completions? Yes, you heard me right.
The shale is so very solid that it is more stable than what
we could put down there and it allows us to cover more area.
The trick in developing this field is spacing. 60
acre's seems to be a safe space for wells in the Bakken
Shale. Many of the majors have killed off some of
their nearby wells by drilling to close or having a huge
horizontal with a bad frac job lose the area. The
trick in this field is not finding the zone - its not
getting greedy. If you pass the Bakken Shale you have
entered the ocean you hit the ocean you ruined your project.
Engineers, be ready to spot obsidian which covers the
Ellenberger Zone- the zone you must avoid. If a nearby
well hits the ocean and has fractured into your zone that
well has just ruined your production region. That gas will
shoot out into the ocean instead of up your hole.
pioneered the lower Bakken Shale and Devon has seen its
capital gain merely by perforating the upper zones in their
existing wells. However, I believe a majority of their
wells were slim hole completed- making a rework not an
option. Nevertheless, this company holds about 75% of
the Bakken Shale and its Oil and Gas Leases by production.
The story of this Bakken Shale and its production evolution
actually began with the early Texas wildcatters that
discovered the area and defined the conglomerate.
The most successful
wildcatter in Texas history is my father, C.W. Sanders
with a wildcat success rate of 87.5% in the days before
advanced 3D seismic technology. He used two very
conventional methods for drilling success; one he coined
"lineology", whereas you would draw a straight line between
two good wells and create a location. The other
involved taking off into the air which was common for us
back in the seventies and eighties and then spotting a
location from a birds eye perspective which then led to us
chasing the cattle off of some dirt road in the middle of
nowhere before making a location. He is an
amazing pilot and would fly high in the sky to get a birds
eye view which allowed him to examine the remains of the
prehistoric oceans that once covered the lands and since all
natural gas and oil comes from the remains of these dead
prehistoric oceans this gave us a perfect view because from
up above you can see the fault lines, and where the ocean
edges existed at different times. He discovered the outer
most fringes of these ocean channels later defined as the
conglomerate zone which he revealed were fed by an organic
source- today it is called the Bakken Shale.
picture was taken in 1979, in the back stands Texas
legendary golden wildcatter C.W. Sanders as he discovered
evidence of this Bakken Shale in his logs. The kid in
the picture is me 27 years ago and even at this age I had
witnessed my father drill countless successful wildcat wells
even in areas now considered to be the core of the Bakken
Shale. Even then my father was questioning ways to
produce from this zone - however because of production
technology at the time and returns we stimulated zones
which were higher in porosity and permeability - something
that the Bakken Shale does not have. So we produced the gas
that had already escaped the Bakken Shale - trapped under
structure and ready to burst - this "conglomerate zone" was
an exciting early discovery that was ready to be produced
and defined. "Chris this Bakken Shale is the source
bed rock for natural gas" - my father has been saying this
C.W. Sanders with his son Chris Sanders
back in the seventies
Chris Sanders with his son Eden Sanders
My son Eden Sanders
will be learning the ropes from me making us three
generations in oil and gas production.
Currently - we are exploring four other shale discoveries in
California, Colorado, Michigan, and Montana.
Lonestar Natural Gas Company
If you have a new
lease or acreage available and would like to have it
reviewed for our projects or modified for any reason such as
surface sentimental reasons please e-mail:
firstname.lastname@example.org Please include the county,
acreage, abstract numbers, and previous leases if any.
If you have Minerals
or are able to execute an Oil & Gas lease in the Bakken
Shale please contact me at as there are many oil and gas
companies ready to drill in this highly active and
successful area. (Currently, I am working on expanding the
Bakken Shale to the north in Wise and Montague and to the
west in Jack and Palo Pinto. - ( I am interested in
anything in Denton (west of 1-35), Archer, Clay, Cooke,
Denton, Jack, Johnson, Montague, Palo Pinto, Parker,
Tarrant, Wichita, and Wise county Texas.) In Arkansas we
will pursue a 30,000 acre study of the shale where we will
duplicate some of our fracturing techniques on this new
discovery that I call "the circle of life" because we create
oxygen from our friends the anaerobic bacteria that breath
in CO2 and breathe out O2 while producing NG - the Bakken
Shale is a living anaerobic digester.
The Paleo Landscape
and the Birth of the Bakken Shale began with the defining of
the Fort Worth Basin and also the Conglomerate Zone
discovered by early Wildcatters such as Coke Gage, P.
Ellenberger, T.B. Pickens, George Mitchell, Norman Stovall,
C.W. Sanders, Frank Pitts, and William ZuHone. But George
Mitchell discovered how to stimulate this zone and with that
and the established conglomerate zone above it a blanket
coverage was quickly defined to be the "Bakken Shale".
It was soon later known through science that this layer was
in fact responsible for feeding the above zones with natural
gas and that this was in fact the source bed rock.
Devon with James
Hall demonstrated a technique for economically completing
the upper Bakken Shale interval, increasing reserves in
their core area by 25 percent, or 250 million cubic feet per
well, and expanding the play to previously marginal areas.
This new completion technique in combination with a 60-acre
spacing infill well drilling program is expected to allow
Devon Energy to increase its Bakken Shale gas production and
open up new areas for exploitation. (Devon perforated the
upper zone which George Mitchell did not stimulate)
Natural Gas (NG) is
Hydrogen (H) the only difference is removing the
Air Products and Sanco have discussed two joint venture
programs involving CO2 extraction technologies from both the
well head and also from the environment itself. "The
CO2 belongs under the surface of the earth where it can be
anatomically changed - just as the plants do here on the
surface - this substrate does under the earth - because of
my findings I have mandated sustainable energy integration
field wide on all of my locations and projects so that we
can do something for the environment. By using our
natural gas more effectively the same amount of natural gas
it takes to heat a sky scrapper can be converted into enough
electricity to power an entire city! Look at the
Hydrogen fuel Cell- Texas we need to build the Hydrogen
The Gas Company as mandated sustainable integration on
all company projects.
These projects include:
Sustainable Angels has dedicated their revenues for
environmental remediation projects over the shale. - Through
Mr. Clem Palmer and his friends at the (TCEQ) Texas
Commission on Environmental Quality - Mr. Sanders has agreed
to help remediate some of his projects which might
include the Buffalo Bayou a 73 mile stretch of river
connecting Houston Texas with the Gulf Of Mexico.
Already millions of trees are underway and ready for a new
homes in Texas. The tree is called a
Kiri Tree and produces 10 times more oxygen than any
other tree and reduces 10 times more CO2 than any other
tree. It loves toxicity and cleans up areas and
provides a great return on lumber yields equivalent to
mahogany and teak. In Texas returns of $500 million
dollars per square mile are expected in five years - Thumbs
up to the "Green Team"
Mr. Torres will be
in charge of our expansion efforts into Libya where we will
also ascertain sustainable integration efforts for the
nations people so that we may also provide clean water along
with our normal oil and gas production routines. We will
also be working with ways to use 12 volt solar powered
dehumidification machines to provide clean water world wide
on location, not only to our troops but to all nations in
need as a sign of peace.
The two lifelong
friends are dedicated to saving lives and together with the
help of Frank Dux and The
Sustainable Angels the team will spread the word wide
water plan to save lives and provide all with clean water
from the atmosphere. Just the knowledge alone of
sustainable integration in third world countries makes a
tremendous impact and saves lives providing all with the
cleanest fresh water.
United States we shall never be affected by a drought ever
again! The answer is here through sustainable integration.